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Wearable Non-Invasive Continuous Glucose Monitor
Alertgy has developed the first wearable noninvasive continuous blood glucose monitor (NICGM). Alertgy can detect blood glucose levels without any invasive probes or sensors provide accurate continuous blood glucose measurements without the customary needle prick and meter device and provides life-savings alerts when glucose levels are dangerously high or low. As a result of decades of radiation therapy conducted to treat cancer patients, a wealth of studies document that a key indicator to bio-stress induced by radiation treatment is hyperglycemia or high blood glucose levels. The Alertgy technology could alert NASA if astronauts are experiencing bio stress effects from radiation.
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The Cable-Based Capacitor (CBC) is a wire-shaped energy storage device comprised of series-connect-ed, supercapacitor-performing cells. The CBC’s unique form factor is thin and flexible, offering designers flexibility and enables new applications for supercapacitors. The high-power density of the CBC is an excellent complement to power supplies such as batteries. Each 10cm CBC cell is rated to 1.6V, a capacitance greater than 2F, and an ESR of 0.2 ohms. The CBC is a first of its kind coaxial cable energy storage component, which can be embedded inside DC power cords such as those found in solar power systems.
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Everix Optical Filters
High-selectivity optical filters either block or transmit very specific ranges of the light spectrum. Everix’s patented and scalable approach to production creates filters that are: 1) 5-20X thinner than the competition, 2) flexible to allow integration with curved surfaces, and 3) shatter-free. Traditional precision optical filters are made in a vacuum chamber and are glass-based, rigid, bulky and expensive even at high-volume. Everix is in the supply chain of OEMs miniaturizing complex lab-scale fluorescence-based diagnostic devices to mass deploy point-of-care devices and creating sophisticated wearable and disposable devices. This enables the continuous monitoring of various biomarkers and vitals for real-time analysis.
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Molecular Mutation Burden Analysis
This innovative and easy to use software, along with portable genomic sequencers, allows for quasi-real-time monitoring of genomic damage Copy Number Variations and Molecular Mutation Burden (CNV and MMB) in astronauts. This monitoring helps scientists better associate particular radiation events to their effects, and helps physicians provide better care for astronauts while in space. In long duration missions, this capability of rapid CNV monitoring by nonexpert users could mean the difference between being able to avoid or reduce the impact of damaging radiation or not. The software uses adaptive machine learning algorithms, computes germline contamination, Loss of Heterozygosity (LOH) and provides a CNV advisory score.
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Multi-Focal 3D AR VR Image Displays
LightSpace Technologies offers holographic image quality at stereoscopic 3D cost. Their exceptional team and key enabling technology will revive the virtual reality/augmented reality (VR/AR) market and more broadly commercialize innovative 3D spatial computing photonics technology. Superior 3D experience without harm to eyes and headache.
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Modularity Space is developing a modular satellite, called HOST. HOST revolves around a plug-and-play architecture to provide a payload hosting platform capable of going from initial customer contact to launch in less than 60 days. The flexible design and modular reconfigurable software can be modified to enable HOST to accommodate payloads and accept commercial-off-the-shelf components. These innovations facilitate mass production, lower manufacturing costs, and provide exponential savings in schedules associated with manufacturing and payload integration. Within this overarching modular architecture, the satellite is designed with serviceability in mind. This capability paves the way for a fully sustainable satellite system.
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PolyMaterials App LLC
PolyMaterials is developing a prototype supercapacitor (“Poly3-Scap”) suited for consumer electronics, and power devices suitable to NASA use. PolyMaterials is also laying the groundwork for supercapacitor “Poly4M-Scap” of greater voltages (27 to 48V) required for hybrid motor vehicles, power grid and large appliance applications.
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An Unpowered Passive Exoskeletal Actuator System for Muscle Strength Augmentation
Rake Technologies uses a passive tension balancing system that leverages potential energy into manipulatable strength for its user, improving a person’s physical performance. The system is designed to take a predetermined amount weight and fully support it without any effort from its user, with weights above that predetermination being supported up to a defined limit. In this manner, a device using this system acts as though it provides additional muscle mass for the person wearing it.
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The Magnetoshell is a scalable charged particle radiation shield. This product can be designed and manufactured to protect CubeSats, small satellites and human-occupied vehicles in low-Earth orbit or deep space. It consists of two concentric spheres of superconducting coils. The coils are arranged like latitude lines on a globe and contain modulated currents with magnetic flux density concentrated in betweenthe open spherical layers and canceling within the central region. This architecture protects the central region from incoming radiation and keeps the shielding material far away from the central region to reduce secondary radiation.
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SurgePower Materials Inc.
SurgePower Materials has a prototype that demonstrates a new method to cost-effectively manufacture graphene, SP2Hybrid™ ($10 per gram at lab scale) from an abundant crop, cassava (over 270 million tons per year.) with a projected manufacturing cost of $11 per kilogram at scale. SP2Hybrid™ has four times the surface area and five times the pore volume of the current graphene products in the marketplace. Li-ion battery anodes fabricated with SP2Hybrid™ demonstrate a capacity of 1901 mAh/g, which is five times the capacity of standard graphite material. The cost-efficient nature of this method will facilitate the adoption of graphene in other advanced technology areas such as composites, to push nanotechnology frontiers.
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NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate
National Institute of Aerospace
The material contained in this document is based upon work supported by a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) grant or cooperative agreement. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of NASA.
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